illustration (attribution, if any possible, is at the end of the article)
In their encounters, the Chinese monk, Zen master though he was, did not forget that he was dealing with the most powerful warrior in Japan. Discussions on Zen were conducted through an interpreter. When the master wished to strike his disciple for incomprehension or to encourage greater effort, the blows fell on the interpreter.
— Martin Collcutt, Five Mountains: the Rinzai Zen monastic institution in medieval Japan
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[photo: wooden statue of founder, Mugaku Sogen, at Engaku-ji]