illustration (attribution, if any possible, is at the end of the article)
• Praising oneself, or belittling others,
• Not sharing the buddhist teachings, or one's wealth,
• Not forgiving (notably when others apologise),
• Discarding the Mahāyāna teachings and propounding made-up ones,
• Taking offerings intended for the Three Jewels,
• Abandoning the Dharma through sectarianism
(notably by despising the Theravāda 's Tripitaka, in favour of later sūtras),
• Causing an ordained person to disrobe,
• Committing any of the five heinous crimes,
• Holding distorted views (on the nature of reality),
• Destroying places (homestead, village, town or region… environment),
• Teaching śūnyatā to those whose minds are untrained,
• Turning others away from full enlightenment,
• Turning others away from their prātimokṣa vows (i.e. Theravādin 'rules'),
• Belittling the śrāvaka vehicle (i.e. Theravāda),
• Proclaiming false realisation (notably of śūnyatā),
or making commerce of the Dharma,
• Accepting what has been stolen from the three jewels,
• Establishing / enacting unfair policies,
• Giving up bodhichitta (i.e. loving-kindness, altruism).
There also are 46 secondary downfalls.
This is an important guideline in Tibetan Buddhism,
but it would not harm any Mahāyāna practitioner…
#Buddhism #Dharma #buddhistcircle
The Three Jewels are: Buddha, Dharma and Saṅgha.
The five heinous crimes are: killing one's father, killing one's mother, killing an arhat, maliciously drawing blood from the body of a tathāgata,
and creating a schism in the saṅgha.
For those interested, there seems to exist several versions of the "root downfalls", cf. e.g. • http://www.berzinarchives.com/web/en/archives/practice_material/vows/bodhisattva/root_bodhisattva_pledges.html
and the very different formulation from
(photo © Denis Wallez, 2011)