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According to ཙོང་ཁ་པ་བློ་བཟང་གྲགས་པ་ (Tsongkhapa Lobzang Drakpa)
February 28th, 2013

illustration (attribution, if any possible, is at the end of the article)

According to ཙོང་ཁ་པ་བློ་བཟང་གྲགས་པ་ (Tsongkhapa Lobzang Drakpa),
the six perfections (6 pāramitā-s) are the summation of all the key points of bodhisattva practice, which is why they are so covered at so much length in the Lamrim Chenmo:

Dāna – generosity;

Śīla – morality, or ethical discipline
  - of restraint,
  - of gathering virtue,
  - of acting for the welfare of living beings;

Kṣānti – patience
  - disregarding harm done to you,
  - accepting the suffering arising in your mind-stream,
  - being certain about the teachings;

Vīrya – perseverance
  - armor-like perseverance,
  - perseverance of gathering virtue,
  - perseverance of acting for the welfare of beings;

Dhyāna – one-pointed concentration, contemplation
  - mindfulness (not forgetting the object of meditation),
  - vigilance (recognising laxity and excitement),
  - dealing with the five faults, thanks to the eight antidotes;

Prajñā – wisdom
  - wisdom that knows the ultimate,
  - wisdom that knows the conventional,
  - wisdom that knows how to act for the welfare of beings.

The five faults are:
• laziness,
• forgetting the instructions,
laxity and excitement,
• non-application of remedy,
• application of remedy when it is not needed.

The eight remedies are:
• basis,
• effort,
• cause (confidence),
• effect (pliancy),
intention of application (to eliminate laxity and excitement),

#Dharma   #Buddhism   #buddhistcircle     #lamrim  

More info:
c.f. the Lamrim outline at
The Middle Length Lamrim is available as an unpublished draft at

Image: in 1902, Gustav Klimt painted the Beethoven Frieze for the 14th Vienna Secessionist exhibition. The frieze illustrates human desire for happiness in a suffering and tempestuous world in which one contends not only with external evil forces but also with internal weaknesses.
The image shows the "hostile forces":
• center: the giant Typhoeus, against whom even the gods battle in vain;
• on the left: his daughters, the three gorgons;
• above the gorgons: Sickness, Madness, Death;
• on the right: Lasciviousness, Wantonness, Intemperance.
More info at